MountainsMap® Example Applications

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Engineering sciences – cladding on heavy duty seals

3D Optical Profiler + SEM (scanning electron microscope) + MountainsMap® Premium software + SEM Extension module


Heavy duty seals are specifically engineered for use in extreme conditions.

To reduce wear, different types of cladding may be applied to the seal surface.

Researchers from the Uppsala University in Sweden studied wear on Stellite, a Cobalt-based family of materials that may be used for cladding.

Two Stellite surfaces were subjected to constant sliding contact, then measured using both a 3D optical profiler and a SEM (scanning electron microscope).

Results allowed imaging and quantification of features on the surface (in particular a chunk of Stellite some 25µ thick transferred from one surface to the other as a result of contact).

Input Data

  • Scan of surface topography (x,y,z)
  • 2 SEM images obtained at different tilt angles
  • Mountains® tools used

  • Stereoscopic reconstruction operator applied on 2 SEM images
  • Build series of surfaces operator (allowing visual comparison + creation of the animated view)
  • Step height study (for surface quantification)


  • Courtesy of J. Lind, Uppsala University


    List of applications in gallery




    3D Optical
    Profilers

    3D Optical Profilers



    3D Scanning
    Profilometers

    3D Scanning Profilometers



    SPM

    AFM (atomic force microscope)



    SEM

    SEM (scanning electron microscope)



    Hyperspectral

    Hyperspectal microscopes



    2D
    Profilometers

    2D Profilometers

    Correlative Studies

    3D Optical Profiler + SEM (scanning electron microscope)

    AFM-IR (atomic force microscope with tunable pulsed infrared source)

    STM (scanning tunneling microscope) + SEM (scanning electron microscope)

    AFM (atomic force microscope) + SEM (scanning electron microscope)

    AFM (atomic force microscope) + fluorescence microscope



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