MountainsMap® Example Applications

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Archaeological sculptures – understanding how Neolithic objects were manufactured

3D structured-light scanner + MountainsMap® Imaging Topography software

Input Data

  • Sculpture surface topography (x, y, z).
  • Results

  • 3D view of primary surface topography with color-coded z-axis.
  • 3D views of roughness and waviness surfaces.
  • Calculation of ISO 25178 surface texture parameters allowing quantitative description of each sample.
  • Statistics for surface texture interpretation.
  • Analysis report generated automatically.
  • MountainsMap® tools used

  • 3D view of surface topography.
  • Advanced ISO 16610 filters.
  • ISO 25178 height and functional parameters.
  • Texture isotropy and direction.

  • Analysis of geometric surface texture patterns allowing assessment of Neolithic sculpture manufacturing process.
    Images courtesy of Vera Moitinho de Almeida
    See Linking 3D digital surface texture data with ancient manufacturing procedures

    List of applications in gallery

    3D Optical

    3D Scanning



    SEM (scanning electron microscope)



    Correlative Studies

    3D Optical Profiler + SEM (scanning electron microscope)

    AFM-IR (atomic force microscope with tunable pulsed infrared source)

    STM (scanning tunneling microscope) + SEM (scanning electron microscope)

    AFM (atomic force microscope) + SEM (scanning electron microscope)

    AFM (atomic force microscope) + fluorescence microscope

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