MountainsMap® Example Applications

Click on the arrows to display more applications.

Automotive/surface texture engineering – looking to nature for inspiration

3D optical profiler + MountainsMap® Imaging Topography software

For this study, researchers used MountainsMap® to compare the load bearing characteristics of snakeskin from two different species with that of industrially honed cylinder liners.
Results showed several similarities between the two types of surface, opening up new possibilities for integrating features from the bio-surface studied into engineered surfaces.

Input Data

  • WLI interferograms of several regions of the surfaces studied (snakeskin & cylinder liner).
  • MountainsMap® tools used

  • Calculation of ISO 25178 surface texture parameters allowing quantitative comparison of surface features:
    - Average roughness (Sa)
    - Root mean square roughness (Sq)
    - Surface kurtosis (Sku)
    - Surface skewness (Ssk)
  • Abbott-Firestone Load curve allowing measurement of load-bearing characteristics of surfaces
  • Calculation of bearing ratio parameters characterizing the functional aspect of the surfaces studied:
    - Kernel roughness depth (Rk)
    - Peak roughness height (Rpk)
    - Valley roughness height (Rvk)

  • Courtesy of H. A. Abdel-Aal, University of North Carolina & M. El Mansori, Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Arts et Métiers (Aix en Provence)

    Read more . . .

    List of applications in gallery

    3D Optical

    3D Scanning



    SEM (scanning electron microscope)



    Correlative Studies

    3D Optical Profiler + SEM (scanning electron microscope)

    AFM-IR (atomic force microscope with tunable pulsed infrared source)

    STM (scanning tunneling microscope) + SEM (scanning electron microscope)

    AFM (atomic force microscope) + SEM (scanning electron microscope)

    AFM (atomic force microscope) + fluorescence microscope

    Submit an application

    Do you want to share one of your MountainsMap 7 applications?
    If so then please send the following information to : Note:
    Sending an application does not guarantee that it will be published.
    Submitted applications will be published at Digital Surf's sole discretion.